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Pengontrolan Kelahiran - Kontrasepsi
Home KB Kontrasepsi Pengontrolan Kelahiran - Kontrasepsi

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Pengontrolan Kelahiran - Kontrasepsi

 

Pengontrolan Kelahiran

1. Penghentian kemungkinan kehamilan

a. Kastrasi

Yaitu pengangkatan gonad (testis atau ovarium) melalui operasi. Kastrasi sebelum pubertas menyebabkan seseorang kehilangan tanda-tanda sex sekundernya.

b. Sterilisasi

Sterilisasi dilakukan dengan:

- Pada pria mengikat/memotong saluran vas deferens dikenal dengan istilah vasektomi. Orang-orang yang telah melakukan vasektomi, sekresi hormon-hormon seks, produksi sperma dan potensi melakukan hubungan seksual tetap berjalan normal, hanya cairan ejakulasinya tidak mengandung sperma.

vasectomy

Gambar 1. Vasektomi

Pada wanita mengikat/memotong tuba fallopii dikenal dengan istilah tubektomi.


tubektomi
Gambar 2. Tubektomi


2. Kontrasepsi

Kontrasepsi adalah suatu cara yang bertujuan mencegah terjadinya pembuahan sel telur oleh spermatozoid. Terdapat beberapa metode, antara lain:

a. Cara alamiah

Dengan cara tidak melakukan koitus pada masa subur wanita (hari 12 – 16 siklus haid). Cara ini dikenal dengan nama sistem kalender atau abstinensi. Sistem kalender dihubungkan dengan daur menstruasi.

bloh-kalender-ibu-1

Tabel Cara menunda kehamilan




b. Cara kimiawi

Mencegah pertemuan ovum dengan spermatozoa, dilakukan dengan memasukkan zat-zat kimiawi, misalnya : jelly, busa, tablet, cream, dll. Selain itu ada juga dengan cara meminum pil KB yang mengandung estrogen dan progesteron.

c. Cara mekanis


Cara ini meliputi pemakaian kondom pada pria dan diapragma pada wanita. Cara lainnya ialah IUD (Intra Uterum Device). IUD terbuat dari plastik atau metal, berbentuk T, Y, spiral, dsb. IUD diletakkan dalam rongga rahim untuk suatu jangka waktu dengan efek menghindarkan kehamilan.


kondom
Gambar 3. Kondom

 

diafragma

Gambar 4. Diapragma

 

IUD

Gambar 5. IUD

 spirale

Gambar 6. Spiral

Sumber: intanriani.wordpress.com

 
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Warning: strftime() [function.strftime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/posyandu/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 250
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Warning: strftime() [function.strftime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/posyandu/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 250
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Warning: strftime() [function.strftime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/posyandu/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 250
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Warning: strftime() [function.strftime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/posyandu/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 250
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Warning: strftime() [function.strftime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/posyandu/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 250
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Warning: strftime() [function.strftime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/posyandu/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 250
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Warning: strftime() [function.strftime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/posyandu/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 250
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Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/posyandu/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 198

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Warning: strftime() [function.strftime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Asia/Krasnoyarsk' for 'WIB/7.0/no DST' instead in /home/posyandu/public_html/libraries/joomla/utilities/date.php on line 250
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